The chemical industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy in the world, including the Russian Federation and CIS countries. Due to the the actions of government programs for the development of chemical and processing industry there is going to be a significant increase in production volumes in the Russian Federation. At the same time, the cost of cargo transportation is often a limiting factor in the sale of goods on domestic and export markets. Transportation in tank containers allows us to solve this problem, as well as the issue ofdelivering of dangerous goods in remote areas with a lack of railway infrastructure and preserving of the original quality.
Tank container IMO1, type T11 (with bottom discharge) or T14 (with top discharge) is used in transportation of chemical cargoes. These tanks are suitable for transportation of all types of liquid chemical agents. Capacity of this type of tank container is 21-26 cubic meters; the bulb wall thickness is from4 -7 mm.Operating pressure of the tank flask is 2.65-4.5 atmospheres. The containers are equipped with a layer of insulation and steam heating. In addition, the containers are equipped with electric heatingcertain types of cargo.
The main chemical goods permitted for carriage:
The widest use of tank containers is found in the multimodal transport of food, design of which is similar to the tank containers used for transportation of chemical agents. These tank containers are also equipped with thermal insulation and heating.
Basic food goods permitted for transportation in tank containers:
Now, the infrastructure based on the use of LNG (hydrocarbon) gas (LPG) is gaining wide acceptance in Russia. The economy of the main oil-producing countries aims at the implementation of the product on foreign markets. In the Russian Federation, by contrast, the main consumption market is planned to be created within the country, yet the export freight will be just a supplement to the internal cargo turnover. On this basis, the main delivery routes of LPG are laid on railroads and then on road or river (sea) transport in order to provide conveyance to remote areas of the country.
The main advantages of LPG transportation in tank containers are:
In transportation of such products as butane, propane, liquefied petroleum gas, etc. it is used IMO 5 tank container that is designed for transportation of liquefied or compressed gasand have operating pressure of above 7 bar.
Main goods for transportation (LPG):